God’s 7000 Year Plan and The Jubilee

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If the 7 day week is a type of God’s 7000 year plan (Hebrews 4), and God created man in 4004BC, why are we not now living in the 7th day – the ‘Millennium’?

The creation date of 4004BC was calculated by James Ussher, whose biblical chronology, ‘The Annals of the World’, published in 1658, was promoted by C.I. Scofield in the 1917 edition of his very popular Scofield Reference Bible. (This critical review shows the influence of Scofield’s work on Herbert Armstrong’s theology.)

The year 4004BC thereby became generally accepted as the date of creation. However, in the Introduction of his work, Ussher explained how he used secular dates in addition to biblical chronology in order to arrive at 4004BC. In the following tables a purely scriptural chronology is set alongside Ussher’s dates.

Ussher began the AM years (AM = ‘Anno Mundi’ – year of the world, counting from creation), in the Autumn, because the Jewish calendar year begins then. In order to align AM years with the Roman BC/AD years beginning in January, he affixed a letter to each AM year: a = Autumn; b = Winter; c = Spring; d = Summer.

Chapter
and Verse

Event

Script’l
AM

Ussher’s
AM

Ussher’s
BC

Gen. 1:27

God created Adam and Eve

     1

     1a 

 4004

Gen. 5:3

Seth born when Adam 130

 131

 130d 

 3874

Gen. 5:6 

Enos born when Seth 105

 236

 235d 

 3769

Gen. 5:9

Cainan born when Enos 90

 326

 325d 

 3679

Gen. 5:12

Mahaleel born when Cainan 70

 396

 395d

 3609

Gen. 5:15

Jared born when Mahaleel 65

 461 

 460d

 3544 

Gen. 5:18

Enoch born when Jared 162

 623 

 622d

 3382

Gen.5:21

Methusaleh born when Enoch 65

 688 

 687d

 3317

Gen. 5:25

Lamech born when Methusaleh 187

 875

 874d

 3130

Gen.5:28-29

Noah born when Lamech 182

1057

1056d 

 2948 

Gen. 7:6

Flood begins when Noah 600

1657

1656a 

 2349

Gen.8:13-16

Flood ends 1 year later

1658

1657a 

 2348

Gen. 11:10

Arphaxad born 2 years after flood 

1660

1658d

 2346

Gen. 11:12

Salah born when Arphaxad 35

1695

1693d

 2311

Gen. 11:14 

Eber born when Salah 30

1725

1723d

 2281 

Gen. 11:16 

Pelag born when Eber 34

1759

1757d

 2247 

Gen. 11:18 

Reu born when Pelag 30

1789

1787d

 2217 

Gen. 11:20 

Serug born when Reu 32

1821

1819d

 2185 

Gen. 11:22

Nahor born when Serug 30

1851

1849d 

 2155 

Gen. 11:24

Terah born when Nahor 29

1880

1878d

 2126 

Abram born when Terah age 70

1950

 


Gen. 11:26

Abram born when Terah age 130

 

2008c

 1996

Genesis 11:32 states that Terah died age 205, and Genesis 12:4 that Abram left Haran age 75. Ussher concluded that Terah was therefore age 130 (not 70) when Abram was born, in order to agree with Acts 7:4, “Then came he out of the land of the Chaldees, and dwelt in Charran: and from there, when his father was dead, removed him into this land, wherein you now dwell.”
The stumbling block with this reasoning is Abraham’s reaction to God’s announcement that he and Sarah would have a son. “Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born to him that is a hundred years old?” (Genesis 17:17)
Why should Abraham laugh – if his own father Terah was 130 when he was born?
Strong’s Lexicon defines the Greek apothnesko in Acts 7:4, ‘to die off (literally or figuratively)’. Jesus spoke figuratively of the dead burying their dead in Matthew 8:22. Adam Clarke’s Commentary states: “Let the dead bury their dead. It was usual for the Jews to consider a man as dead who had departed from the precepts of the law; and, on this ground, every transgressor was reputed a dead man.”
Paul uses this figurative sense many times, e.g. “But she who lives in self-pleasure has died while living.” (1 Timothy 5:6)
Haran, like Ur, was a center of moon worship, and Joshua records that Terah was an idolater: “And Joshua said to all the people, So says the Lord God of Israel, Your fathers lived beyond the River (Euphrates) in times past, Terah the father of Abraham, and the father of Nahor, and they served other gods.” (Joshua 24:2)
Albert Barnes’s Commentary says, “The Jews unanimously affirm that Terah relapsed into idolatry before Abraham left Haran; and this they denominate death, or a moral death … Stephen only used language which was customary among the Jews.” 

Scripture

Event 

Scriptural
AM

Ussher’s
AM

Ussher’s
BC

Gen.12:1-5

Abram leaves Haran age 75

2025

2083a

1922

Ex. 12:40-41
Heb. 11:8-9
Gal. 3:16-17

Exodus from Egypt –
430 years after Abram
begins his sojourn in Canaan.

2455

2513b 

1491

Josh.14:7-13
Num. 36:4
Josh 22:4-5

45 years after the Exodus,
the 50th Jubilee from Creation,
Israel receives its inheritance.

2500

2560a 

1445

Ussher comments: “Joshua, a type of Jesus, had brought them into this place of rest, which was a type of that Sabbath and rest which the true Jesus was to give to God’s people (Hebrews 4:9). From this time is reckoned the years of Jubilee, which was every fifty years (Leviticus 25:8-13).”
Joshua (Jesus in Greek) is a shortened form of Yehoshua, which means ‘God our salvation’.  (Compare the trumpets of jubilee in 
Joshua 6 [YLT] with Rev. 8:2, 1 Thess. 4:16, Heb. 12:18-23, and the ‘sevens’ in Joshua 6 and Revelation.)

Scripture

Kings of Judah

Script’l
AM

Years

Ussher’s
AM

Ussher’s
BC

1 Kings 6:1
2 Chron.9:30

Solomon begins reign:
476 years (480th-4th)
after the Exodus

[2455]
2931

 40

[2513b]
2990a

[1491]

 1015

1 Kings 14:21

Rehoboam begins reign

 2971

 17 

 3029c

  975

2 Chr.12:16,
2 Chr.13:1-2

Abijah begins reign

 2988

  3

 3046c

  958

1 Kin.15:8-10

Asa begins reign

 2991

 41

 3049c

  955

1 Kings 22:42

Jehoshaphat begins reign

 3032

 25 

 3090c 

  914

2 Chr.21:1,5

Jehoram begins reign

 3057

 

 3115c*

  889

2 Kings 8:26

Ahaziah begins reign

 3065 

  1

 3119c*

  885

2 Kings 11:1-3

Athaliah begins reign

 3066

  6

 3120c

  884

2 Kings 12:1

Joash begins reign

 3072

 40 

 3126c

  878

2 Chron.25:1 

Amaziah begins reign

 3112 

 29

 3165c

  839

2 Kings 14:1-2

Azariah begins reign

 3141

 52

 3194c

  810

2 Chron.27:1

Jotham begins reign

 3193

 16

 3246a

  759

2 Kings 16:1-2

Ahaz begins reign

 3209

 16

 3262a

  742

2 Kings 18:1-2

Hezekiah begins reign

 3225

 29

 3278b

  726

2 Kings 21:1

Manasseh begins reign

 3254

 55

 3306c

  698

2 Kings 21:19

Amon begins reign

 3309

  2

 3361c

  643

2 Kings 22:1 

Josiah begins reign

 3311

 31

 3363c

  641

2 Kings 23:31

Jehoahaz begins reign

 3342

   0

 3394c

  610

2 Kings 23:36 

Jehoiakim begins reign

 3342

 11

 3394d

  610

2 Kings 24:6,8

Jehoachin begins reign

 3353

   0

 3405c

  599

2 Kings 24:18 

Zedekiah begins reign

 3353

 11

 3405c

  599

2 Chr. 36:6
2Chr.36:19-21

70 years desolation begin
Jerusalem destroyed

 3364

 70
 70

 3398a
 3416c

  607
  588

Ezra 1:1-3 

Proclamation by Cyrus
to build second temple

 3434

 

 3468a

  537

* This is not a typing error – Ussher reduced the reign of Jehoram from 8 years to 4.
As 588BC-537BC is only 51 years, Ussher reconciled scripture with the dates given by secular historians by reckoning the 70 years desolation from the 4th year of Jehoiakim (Daniel 1:1-2) in 607BC. However, 2 Chronicles 36:19-21 clearly shows when Jeremiah’s prophecy was fulfilled.
The year 3434AM is exactly 500 years (10 jubilees) after King Solomon ordered the building of the 1st temple in 2934AM, the 4th year of his reign.

 Scripture

Event 

Scriptural
AM Date

Scriptural
AD Date

Ussher’s
AM Date

Ussher’s
BC Date

 

Birth of Christ

 

 

 4000a

5BC

 

Death of Christ

4000

30AD

 

 

Rev.11:15

Final year of this world

6000

2030AD

(6000)

 (1996AD)

The net difference between the two chronologies – 34 years (3468-3434AM) – shows that the year 4000AM is not the year of Christ’s birth, but his death.
Note: the above scriptural dates rely on 537BC being the correct year for Cyrus’s proclamation.
And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb, slain from the foundation of the world.” (Revelation 13:8)
In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house …..And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.” (Exodus 12:3,6)
The Lamb of God, chosen for sacrifice from the foundation of the world, was killed at Passover 4 days (i.e. 4000 years) later, in the 1st month of the 80th jubilee year. Jesus Christ was sacrificed at the due time:
Romans 5:6 (KJV) “For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.” {in due time: or, according to the time}
Luke 4:17-19 And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written [Isaiah 61:1], “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the broken-hearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.”
a manifest allusion to the proclaiming of the year of jubilee” – Adam Clarke
an allusion to the jubilee year” – Jamieson-Fausset-Brown
Plainly alluding to the year of jubilee” – John Wesley
Hebrews 4 shows that Jesus will soon bring us spiritual salvation – also Hosea 6:2: “After two days [from his own resurrection,  i.e. 2000 years] will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight.”

 

 

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